Prevention of Chickenpox


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Prevention list: Methods of prevention of Chickenpox mentioned in various sources includes those listed below. This prevention information is gathered from various sources, and may be inaccurate or incomplete. None of these methods guarantee prevention of Chickenpox.

Prevention statistics for Chickenpox: The following are statistics from various sources about the prevention of Chickenpox:

  • 81% of children aged 19-35 months were vaccinated for chickenpox annually in the US 2002 (National, State, and Urban Area Vaccination Levels Among Children - US, 2002, NCHS, CDC)

Prevention of Chickenpox: Varicella vaccine has been available since March 1995, and is approved for use in healthy children 12 months of age or older, and susceptible (i.e., no evidence of having had chickenpox in the past) adolescents and adults. 1

Varicella vaccine is highly effective in protecting against severe chickenpox. Cases of disease due to the wild virus, that may occur in a small proportion of vaccinees, are typically very mild with fewer than 50 skin lesions and no fever. 1

More than 6 million doses of varicella vaccine have been given since it was licensed in March 1995. 1

CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend that all children be routinely vaccinated at 12-18 months of age and that all susceptible children receive the vaccine before their 13th birthday (ACIP, AAP). The vaccine is also approved for susceptible adolescents and adults especially those with close contact with persons at high risk for serious complications (e.g., health-care workers, family contacts of immunocompromised persons). 1

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Facts About Chickenpox (Varicella): CDC-OC

Last revision: October 23, 2003

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