Basic Summary for Coronary heart disease


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Main name of condition: Coronary heart disease
Other names or spellings: CHD, Coronary Artery Disease, CAD


What is Coronary heart disease?
  Brief description of Coronary heart disease: Disease affecting the heart's arteries (narrowed arteries)
  Brief description of Coronary heart disease: Hardening of the arteries of the heart is called coronary artery disease.1
  Parent types of Coronary heart disease: Blood vessel conditions, Cardiovascular diseases, Heart conditions
  Organs Affected by Coronary heart disease: heart, artery
How many people get Coronary heart disease?
  Prevalance of Coronary heart disease: estimated 13,200,000 in the USA 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  Prevalance Rate of Coronary heart disease: approx 1 in 20 or 4.85% or 13.2 million people in USA [about data]
  Incidence (annual) of Coronary heart disease: estimated 1.2 million new or recurrent coronary attacks in the USA 2004 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  Incidence Rate of Coronary heart disease: approx 1 in 226 or 0.44% or 1.2 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Coronary heart disease: Some 7 million Americans suffer from coronary heart disease (CHD), the most common form of heart disease.2
How serious is Coronary heart disease?
  Deaths for Coronary heart disease: 502,189 deaths in the USA 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  Complications of Coronary heart disease: see complications of Coronary heart disease
What causes Coronary heart disease?
  Cause of Coronary heart disease: Narrower coronary arteries near the heart.
  Causes of Coronary heart disease: see causes of Coronary heart disease
  Risk factors for Coronary heart disease: see risk factors for Coronary heart disease
What are the symptoms of Coronary heart disease?
  Symptoms of Coronary heart disease: see symptoms of Coronary heart disease
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Coronary heart disease: see treatments for Coronary heart disease
  Prevention of Coronary heart disease: see prevention of Coronary heart disease
  Research for Coronary heart disease: see research for Coronary heart disease
Society issues for Coronary heart disease
  Costs of Coronary heart disease: $111.8 billion with $58.2b direct, $8.4b morbidity, $45.b mortality (NHLBI 2002)

Cost statistics for Coronary heart disease: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Coronary heart disease:

  • Over 1.7 billion pounds per year in the UK (The British Heart Foundation, 2004)
  • $894 million in direct health system costs in Australia 1993-94 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2003)
  • $630 million in direct health system costs in Australia 1993-94 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2003)
  • $1,572 million in hospital costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $263 million in physician costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $239 million in 1,565 costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $2 million in research costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $2,076 million in direct costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $696 million in long-term disability costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $4,595 million in mortality costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $5,291 million in indirect costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $7,784 million in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)

  Hospitalizations for Coronary heart disease: 2,262,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Physician office visits for Coronary heart disease: 10,070,000 (NHLBI 1999)

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Coronary Artery Disease (Easy to Read): NWHIC
2. excerpt from NHLBI, coronary heart disease: NHLBI

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