Treatments for Dengue fever
Treatment list for Dengue fever: The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Dengue fever includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.
- Symptomatic and supportive
- Bed rest
- Fever medications - though aspirin is not advisable according to some sources
- Aspirin - some sources recommend aspirin (ask your doctor for current advice)
- Pain relief medications
- Calamine lotion - for rash
Treatments of Dengue fever discussion: There is no specific treatment for dengue fever, and most people recover completely within 2 weeks. To help with recovery, health care experts recommend
- Getting plenty of bed rest.
- Drinking lots of fluids.
- Taking medicine to reduce fever.
CDC advises people with dengue fever not to take aspirin. Acetaminophen or other over-the-counter pain-reducing medicines are safe for most people.
HOW CAN DENGUE FEVER BE PREVENTED?
The best way to prevent dengue fever is to take special precautions to avoid contact with mosquitoes. Several dengue vaccines are being developed, but none is likely to be licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in the next few years.
When outdoors in an area where dengue fever has been found,
- Use a mosquito repellant containing DEET.
- Dress in protective clothingólong-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks, and shoes.
Because Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the day, be sure to use precautions especially during early morning hours before daybreak and in the late afternoon before dark.
Other precautions include
- Keep unscreened windows and doors closed.
- Keep window and door screens repaired.
- Get rid of areas where mosquitoes breed, such as standing water in flower pots or discarded tires.
CAN DENGUE FEVER LEAD TO OTHER HEALTH PROBLEMS?
Most people who develop dengue fever recover completely within two weeks. Some, however, may go through several weeks of feeling tired and/or depressed.
Others develop severe bleeding problems. This complication, dengue hemorrhagic fever, is a very serious illness which can lead to shock (very low blood pressure) and is sometimes fatal, especially in children and young adults.
Scientists supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) are trying to develop a vaccine against dengue by modifying an existing vaccine for yellow fever. Researchers in NIAID laboratories in Bethesda, Maryland, are using weakened and harmless versions of dengue viruses as potential vaccine candidates against dengue and related viruses.
Other researchers supported by NIAID are investigating ways to prevent dengue viruses from reproducing inside mosquitoes.
Because dengue virus has only recently emerged as a growing global threat, scientists know little about how the virus infects cells and causes disease. New research is beginning to shed light on how the virus interacts with humans ó how it damages cells and how the human immune system responds to dengue virus invasion.
FOR MORE INFORMATION:
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Road
Atlanta, GA 30333
U.S. National Library of Medicine
8600 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, MD 20894
World Health Organization
Avenue Appia 20
1211 Geneva 27
There is no specific medication for treatment of a dengue infection. Persons who think they have dengue should use analgesics (pain relievers) with acetaminophen and avoid those containing aspirin. They should also rest, drink plenty of fluids, and consult a physician. 2
There is no specific medication to cure dengue. Patients should get rest
and take plenty of liquids to maintain hydration; they may need acetaminophen
(not aspirin) for fever and pain control.
Severe cases require prompt treatment with intravenous fluids. Persons exhibiting signs of hemorrhage (bleeding) while/after being in a dengue transmission area should seek medical attention.3
1. excerpt from Dengue Fever: NIAID
2. excerpt from Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever: Questions and Answers: DVBID
3. excerpt from Spotlight on: Preventing Dengue and Dengue Hemmorhagic Fever: DVBID
Last revision: May 27, 2003
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