Basic Summary for Heart failure


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Main name of condition: Heart failure
Other names or spellings: cardiac failure, cardiac insufficiency


What is Heart failure?
  Brief description of Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  Brief description of Heart failure: Loss of blood-pumping ability by the heart. 1
  Parent types of Heart failure: Cardiovascular diseases, Heart conditions
  Organs Affected by Heart failure: heart
  Types of Heart failure: Congestive heart failure, Left heart failure, Right heart failure, Systolic heart failure, Diastolic heart failure, Congestive heart failure
How many people get Heart failure?
  Prevalance of Heart failure: 4.8 million (NHLBI); 2 to 3 million Americans (NHLBI)
  Prevalance Rate of Heart failure: approx 1 in 56 or 1.76% or 4.8 million people in USA [about data]
  Incidence (annual) of Heart failure: 550,000 new cases (NHLBI); 400,000 new cases annually
  Incidence Rate of Heart failure: approx 1 in 494 or 0.20% or 550,000 people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Heart failure: Between 2 to 3 million Americans have heart failure1
  Incidence of Heart failure: 400,000 new cases are diagnosed each year.1
Who gets Heart failure?
  Profile for Heart failure: The condition is slightly more common among men than women and is twice as common among African Americans as whites. 1
How serious is Heart failure?
  5-year survival rate for Heart failure: About two-thirds of all patients die within 5 years of diagnosis.1
  Deaths for Heart failure: 54,913 deaths reported in USA 1999 (NVSR Sep 2001); 39,000 deaths a year (NHLBI)
  Complications of Heart failure: see complications of Heart failure
What causes Heart failure?
  Causes of Heart failure: see causes of Heart failure
  Risk factors for Heart failure: see risk factors for Heart failure
What are the symptoms of Heart failure?
  Symptoms of Heart failure: see symptoms of Heart failure
Can anyone else get Heart failure?
  Inheritance: see inheritance of Heart failure
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Heart failure: see treatments for Heart failure
  Prevention of Heart failure: see prevention of Heart failure
Society issues for Heart failure
  Costs of Heart failure: $3.4 billion in 1995 in the USA

Cost statistics for Heart failure: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Heart failure:

  • Over 625 million pounds per year in direct medical costs in the UK (The British Heart Foundation, 2004)
  • Inpatient care accounts for about 60% of total cost of heart failure in the UK (The British Heart Foundation, 2004)

  Hospitalizations for Heart failure: 975,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Hospitalization statistics for Heart failure: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Heart failure:
  • 205 per 100,000 rate for hospitalizations for heart failure in Canada 1995 Surveillance on-line, 1998 LCDC, Health Canada)
  • 0.842% (107,471) of hospital consultant episodes were for heart failure in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 65% of hospital consultant episodes for heart failure required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 50% of hospital consultant episodes for heart failure were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 50% of hospital consultant episodes for heart failure were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 90% of hospital consultant episodes for heart failure required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 14.8 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for heart failure in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 9 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for heart failure in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 77 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for heart failure in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7% of hospital consultant episodes for heart failure occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 66% of hospital consultant episodes for heart failure occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2% of hospital consultant episodes for heart failure were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1.864% (977,395) of hospital bed days were for heart failure in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • Hospitalization statistics in Australia:
    • Hospitalisations for heart failure at public hospitals occurred in 15.4 people per 10,000 population in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 8.1 days was the mean length of stay in public hospitals for heart failure in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
  • Hospitalization statistics in Australia for public hospitals:
    • 0.087% (18) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in males under 1 year old in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.04% (8) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in males aged 1 to 4 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.05% (11) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in males aged 5 to 14 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.13% (27) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in males aged 15 to 24 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.51% (105) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in males aged 25 to 34 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 1.34% (276) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in males aged 35 to 44 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 3.9% (803) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in males aged 45 to 54 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 10.2% (2,100) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in males aged 55 to 64 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 25.1% (5,175) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in males aged 65 to 74 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 39% (8,145) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in males aged 75 to 84 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 19.2% (3,963) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in males aged over 85 in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
  • Hospitalization statistics in Australia for public hospitals:
    • 0.099% (21) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in females under 1 year old in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.061% (13) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in females aged 1 to 4 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.024% (5) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in females aged 5 to 14 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.14% (30) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in females aged 15 to 24 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.24% (52) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in females aged 25 to 34 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.7% (151) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in females aged 35 to 44 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 2.22% (472) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in females aged 45 to 54 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 5.45% (1,157) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in females aged 55 to 64 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 16.18% (3,437) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in females aged 65 to 74 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 39.42% (8,373) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in females aged 75 to 84 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 35.45% (7,531) of hospital episodes for heart failure in public hospitals occurred in females aged over 85 in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)

  Physician office visits for Heart failure: 2,684,000 (NHLBI 1999)

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from NHLBI, Heart Failure: NHLBI

Last revision: May 29, 2003

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