Basic Summary for Hepatitis A


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Main name of condition: Hepatitis A
Other names or spellings: Hep A, HepA, Hepatitis A virus, Viral hepatitis A


What is Hepatitis A?
  Brief description of Hepatitis A: Contagious viral infection of the liver
  Parent types of Hepatitis A: Liver conditions, Hepatitis, Viral Hepatitis, Viral diseases, Food poisoning, Vaccine-preventable diseases, Diseases contagious from sex, Diseases contagious from food, Diseases contagious from contaminated water, Diseases contagious from intravenous needles, Diseases contagious from vaginal sex
  Organs Affected by Hepatitis A: liver
How many people get Hepatitis A?
  Incidence (annual) of Hepatitis A: 32,000 new cases in the USA 1992 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  Incidence Rate of Hepatitis A: approx 1 in 8,500 or 0.01% or 32,000 people in USA [about data]
  Lifetime risk of Hepatitis A: 32 to 38% of population in the USA have history of the HepA disease 1991 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  Prevalance of Hepatitis A: 32 to 38 percent of U.S. population that have any history of disease (1991)1
  Incidence of Hepatitis A: 32,000 new cases (1992)1
How serious is Hepatitis A?
  Prognosis of Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A usually resolves on its own over several weeks. 2
  Complications of Hepatitis A: see complications of Hepatitis A
What causes Hepatitis A?
  Class of Condition for Hepatitis A: viral
  Causes of Hepatitis A: see causes of Hepatitis A
  Risk factors for Hepatitis A: see risk factors for Hepatitis A
What are the symptoms of Hepatitis A?
  Symptoms of Hepatitis A: see symptoms of Hepatitis A
Can anyone else get Hepatitis A?
  Contagion of Hepatitis A: Spread by direct contact with a person or contaminated food or water.
  More information: see contagiousness of Hepatitis A
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Hepatitis A: see treatments for Hepatitis A
  Prevention of Hepatitis A: see prevention of Hepatitis A
Society issues for Hepatitis A
  Costs of Hepatitis A: $200 million in 1991 (CDC-OC)
  Costs of Hepatitis A: The estimated cost for treating hepatitis A is $200 million (1991)/yearly including medical and work loss 3
  Hospitalization statistics for Hepatitis A: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Hepatitis A:
  • 0.006% (789) of hospital consultant episodes were for acute hepatitis A in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 76% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis A required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 63% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis A were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 37% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis A were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 95% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis A required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 5 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for acute hepatitis A in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for acute hepatitis A in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 27 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for acute hepatitis A in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 81% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis A occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis A occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis A were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.006% (3,308) of hospital bed days were for acute hepatitis A in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Digestive Diseases Statistics: NIDDK
2. excerpt from Viral Hepatitis A to E and Beyond: NIDDK
3. excerpt from Facts About Hepatitis A and C: CDC-OC

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