Risk Factors for Hepatitis B
|About risk factors: Risk factors for Hepatitis B are factors that do not seem to be a direct cause of the disease, but seem to be associated in some way. Having a risk factor for Hepatitis B makes the chances of getting a condition higher but does not always lead to Hepatitis B. Also, the absence of any risk factors or having a protective factor does not necessarily guard you against getting Hepatitis B. For general information and a list of risk factors, see the risk center.|
Risk factor list: The list of risk factors mentioned for Hepatitis B in various sources includes:
- Sexual behavior
- Close contact with HBV positive people
- Male homosexual behavior
- Injection drug use
- Occupational blood exposure
- Chronic kidney failure
- Clotting factor concentrate treatment
- Correctional facilities
- Sexual fluids
- Bodily fluids
- Breast milk
- Blood splashing into eyes
- Dental procedures
- Medical procedures
Risk factors discussion: Injection drug users, people who have sex with an infected person, men who have sex with men, children of immigrants from disease-endemic areas, people who live with an infected person, infants born to infected mothers, health care workers, and hemodialysis patients. 1
- People with multiple sex partners and those who have been recently diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease.
- Sex partners and household contacts of HBV carriers.
- Men who have sex with men.
- Household contacts of adoptees from countries with high rates of hepatitis B.
- Injection drug users.
- Travelers to countries with high rates of hepatitis B (staying longer than 6 months).
- People with occupational exposure to blood.
- Clients and staff in institutions for the developmentally disabled.
- Patients with chronic kidney failure (including those on chronic hemodialysis).
- Patients receiving clotting factor concentrates.
- Inmates of long-term correctional facilities.
Risks factors for Hepatitis B: medical news summaries: The following medical news items are relevant to risk factors for Hepatitis B:
1. excerpt from Viral Hepatitis A to E and Beyond: NIDDK
2. excerpt from Vaccinations for Hepatitis A & B: NIDDK
Last revision: May 29, 2003
Medical Tools & Articles:
- Risk Factor Center
- Medical Statistics Center
- Medical Treatment Center
- Prevention Center
- Medical Tests Center