Statistics about Hepatitis B


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About statistics: This page presents a variety of statistics about Hepatitis B. The term 'prevalence' of Hepatitis B usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Hepatitis B at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Hepatitis B refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Hepatitis B diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

  Prevention statistics for Hepatitis B: The following are statistics from various sources about the prevention of Hepatitis B:
  • 90% of children aged 19-35 months were vaccinated for Heptatitis B annually in the US 2002 (National, State, and Urban Area Vaccination Levels Among Children - US, 2002, NCHS, CDC)

Prevalence and incidence statistics for Hepatitis B: (see also prevalence and incidence page for Hepatitis B)
  Prevalance of Hepatitis B: estimated 1.5 million HBV carriers in the U.S. (NWHIC); 417,000 people currently infected (CDC 2001)
  Prevalance Rate: approx 1 in 181 or 0.55% or 1.5 million people in USA [about data]
  Incidence (annual) of Hepatitis B: 200,000 to 300,000 new cases in the USA 1990 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  Incidence Rate: approx 1 in 1,359 or 0.07% or 200,000 people in USA [about data]
  Lifetime risk for Hepatitis B: 4% of population in the USA have history of HepB disease 1990 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  Worldwide prevalence of Hepatitis B:360 million people worldwide for Hepatitis B (Blood Safety Surveillance and Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Health Canada)
  Prevalance of Hepatitis B: Approximately 750,000 people in the United States are living with sexually acquired hepatitis B infection.1 ... 4 percent of U.S. population that have any history of disease (1990)2 ... There are an estimated 1.5 million HBV carriers in the U.S. and 300 million carriers worldwide.3
  Incidence of Hepatitis B: An estimated 77,000 cases of sexually transmitted hepatitis B infection occur annually in the United States.1 ... 200,000 to 300,000 new cases (1990)2
  Prevelance statistics about Hepatitis B: The following statistics relate to the prevalence of Hepatitis B:
  • 417,000 people currently infected with Hep B in America (Tracking The Hidden Epidemics, CDC, 2002)
  • 417,000 people currently infected in America (Tracking The Hidden Epidemics, CDC, 2002)
  • Estimated 3 men per 100,000 in Canada (Blood Safety Surveillance and Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Health Canada)
  • Estimated 1.5 women per 100,000 in Canada (Blood Safety Surveillance and Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Health Canada)
  • Estimated 0.5-1% of population in Canada (Blood Safety Surveillance and Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Health Canada)
  • 78% of all cases occur in Asia (Blood Safety Surveillance and Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Health Canada)
  • 16% of all cases occur in Africa (Blood Safety Surveillance and Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Health Canada)
  • 3% of all cases occur in South America Blood Safety Surveillance and Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Health Canada)
  • 3% of all cases occur in Europe, North America and Oceania combined (Blood Safety Surveillance and Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Health Canada)

  Incidence statistics about Hepatitis B: The following statistics relate to the incidence of Hepatitis B:
  • Estimated 417,000 million new cases each year in the USA 2002 (Trends in STD’s in the US, CDC, 2002)
  • 120,000 new cases annually in America (Tracking The Hidden Epidemics, CDC, 2002)
  • 10,258 cases annually (1998)
  • 120,000 annual cases (CDC 2001)
  • 7,694 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • 3.19 per 100,000 in Canada 20004
  • Estimated 120,000 million new cases each year in the USA 2002 (Trends in STD’s in the US, CDC, 2002)
  • 120,000 new cases of Hep B annually in America (Tracking The Hidden Epidemics, CDC, 2002)
  • 7,843 new cases of hepatitis B occurred annually in the US 2001 (Health, US, 2003, NCHS, CDC)
  • 2.8 new cases of hepatitis A per 100,000 population occurred annually in the US 2001 (Health, US, 2003, NCHS, CDC)
  • Estimated 2.3 per 100,000 cases of Hep B in Canada (Blood Safety Surveillance and Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Health Canada)
  • Estimated 700 cases of Hep B each year in Canada (Blood Safety Surveillance and Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Health Canada)
  • 390 new cases of Hepatitis B was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 2.0 cases of Hepatitis B per 100,000 population was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

Death and mortality statistics for Hepatitis B:
  Death statistics for Hepatitis B: The following are statistics from various sources about deaths and Hepatitis B:
  • Hepatitis B death statistics by worldwide region:
    • About 20,000 deaths from Hepatitis B in Africa 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
    • About 6,000 deaths from Hepatitis B in The Americas 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
    • About 37,000 deaths from Hepatitis B in South East Asia 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
    • About 5,000 deaths from Hepatitis B in Europe 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
    • About 10,000 deaths from Hepatitis B in Eastern Mediterranean 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
    • About 6,000 deaths from Hepatitis B in Western Pacific 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)

Society statistics for Hepatitis B
  Costs for Hepatitis B: $156 million in 1994 (NIAID)
  Costs for Hepatitis B: Costs associated with sexually transmitted hepatitis B in the United States totalled $156 million in 1994.1
  Hospitalization statistics for Hepatitis B: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Hepatitis B:
  • 0.0047% (597) of hospital consultant episodes were for acute hepatitis B in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 74% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis B required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 62% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis B were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 38% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis B were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 64% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis B required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7.2 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for acute hepatitis B in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 5 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for acute hepatitis B in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 36 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for acute hepatitis B in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 85% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis B occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis B occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 11% of hospital consultant episodes for acute hepatitis B were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.0053% (2,767) of hospital bed days were for acute hepatitis B in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
'

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Sexually Transmitted Diseases Statistics, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID
2. excerpt from Digestive Diseases Statistics: NIDDK
3. excerpt from Hepatitis: NWHIC
4. Notifiable Diseases Online, PPHB, Canada, 2000

Last revision: May 29, 2003

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