Associated Conditions of Klinefelter syndrome
|About associated conditions: Associated conditions are those which appear statistically related, but do not have a clear cause or effect relationship. Whereas the complications are caused by Klinefelter syndrome, and underlying causes may be causes of Klinefelter syndrome, the following list shows associated conditions that simply appear with higher frequency in people who have Klinefelter syndrome. In some cases, there may be overlap between this list and risk factors for Klinefelter syndrome. People with Klinefelter syndrome may be more likely to get a condition on the list of associated conditions, or the reverse may be true, or both. Whether they are causes of, caused by, or simply coincidentally related to Klinefelter syndrome is not always clear. For general information, see Associated Condition Misdiagnosis.|
Associated conditions list: The list of conditions mentioned by various sources as associated with Klinefelter syndrome includes:
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia - may arise from testerone treatment rather than XXY itself.
- Autoimmune disorders
- Breast cancer - a 50 times higher risk than non-XXY males; same risk as women.
- Osteoporosis - XXY males are at higher risk of osteoporosis in later life.
- Psychological problems
Last revision: May 30, 2003
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