Types of Malaria


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Types list: The list of types of Malaria mentioned in various sources includes:

  • Plasmodium falciparum - most common
  • Plasmodium vivax
  • Plasmodium malariae
  • Plasmodium ovale
  • Transfusion malaria
  • Congenital malaria - newborn cross-placental infection from the mother.
  • Algid malaria
  • Cerebral malaria
  • Bilious remittent malaria
  • Falciparum malaria
  • Hemorrhagic malaria
  • Induced malaria
  • Ovale malaria
  • Quartan malaria
  • Quotidiam malaria
  • Tertian malaria
  • Vivax malaria

Types discussion: Four species of malaria parasites cause disease in humans: Plasmodium vivax, P. malariae, P. falciparum and P. ovale. P. falciparum is the most common and causes the most deaths.1

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Malaria, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID

Last revision: June 2, 2003

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