Basic Summary for Microcephaly


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Main name of condition: Microcephaly


What is Microcephaly?
  Brief description of Microcephaly: Small head circumference
  Parent types of Microcephaly: Brain conditions, Head Conditions
  Organs Affected by Microcephaly: brain, head
How many people get Microcephaly?
  Prevalance of Microcephaly: rare
  Incidence (annual) of Microcephaly: 1.02 per 10,000 births in the UK 2002 for microcephaly (University of Ulster, 2003)
  Incidence Rate of Microcephaly: approx 1 in 9,803 or 0.01% or 27,743 people in USA [about data]
How serious is Microcephaly?
  Prognosis of Microcephaly: In general, life expectancy for individuals with microcephaly is low and the prognosis for normal brain function is poor. The prognosis varies depending on the presence of associated abnormalities. 1
  Complications of Microcephaly: see complications of Microcephaly
What causes Microcephaly?
  Causes of Microcephaly: see causes of Microcephaly
What are the symptoms of Microcephaly?
  Symptoms of Microcephaly: see symptoms of Microcephaly
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Microcephaly: see treatments for Microcephaly
Society issues for Microcephaly
  Hospitalization statistics for Microcephaly: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Microcephaly:
  • 0.002% (272) of hospital consultant episodes were for microcephaly in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 97% of hospital consultant episodes for microcephaly required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 54% of hospital consultant episodes for microcephaly were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 46% of hospital consultant episodes for microcephaly were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 16% of hospital consultant episodes for microcephaly required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3.6 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for microcephaly in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for microcephaly in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for microcephaly in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4% of hospital consultant episodes for microcephaly occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for microcephaly occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 50% of hospital consultant episodes for microcephaly were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.001% (414) of hospital bed days were for microcephaly in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from NINDS Microcephaly Information Page: NINDS

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