Prevention of Periodontitis


Prevention of Periodontitis: How can I keep my teeth and gums healthy?

  • Keep your blood sugar as close to normal as possible.

  • Use dental floss at least once a day. Flossing helps prevent the buildup of plaque on your teeth. Plaque can harden and grow under your gums and cause problems. Using a sawing motion, gently bring the floss between the teeth, scraping from bottom to top several times.

  • Brush your teeth after each meal and snack. Use a soft toothbrush. Turn the bristles against the gum line and brush gently. Use small, circular motions. Brush the front, back, and top of each tooth.

    Brush and floss your teeth and gums every day.

  • If you wear false teeth, keep them clean.

  • Ask the person who cleans your teeth to show you the best way to brush and floss your teeth and gums. Ask this person about the best toothbrush and toothpaste to use.

  • Call your dentist right away if you have problems with your teeth and gums.

  • Call your dentist if you have red, sore, or bleeding gums; gums that are pulling away from your teeth; a sore tooth that could be infected; or soreness from your dentures.

  • Get your teeth and gums cleaned and checked by your dentist twice a year.

  • If your dentist tells you about a problem, take care of it right away.

  • Be sure your dentist knows that you have diabetes.

  • If you smoke, talk to your doctor about ways to quit smoking.


1. excerpt from Keep your teeth and gums healthy: NIDDK

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