Risk Factors for Preeclampsia


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About risk factors: Risk factors for Preeclampsia are factors that do not seem to be a direct cause of the disease, but seem to be associated in some way. Having a risk factor for Preeclampsia makes the chances of getting a condition higher but does not always lead to Preeclampsia. Also, the absence of any risk factors or having a protective factor does not necessarily guard you against getting Preeclampsia. For general information and a list of risk factors, see the risk center.

Risk factor list: The list of risk factors mentioned for Preeclampsia in various sources includes:

Risk factors discussion: Who Is More Likely to Develop Preeclampsia?

  • Women with chronic hypertension (high blood pressure before becoming pregnant).
  • Women who developed high blood pressure or preeclampsia during a previous pregnancy, especially if these conditions occurred early in the pregnancy.
  • Women who are obese prior to pregnancy.
  • Pregnant women under the age of 20 or over the age of 40.
  • Women who are pregnant with more than one baby.
  • Women with diabetes, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or scleroderma.
1

Preeclampsia occurs more frequently and is more severe in women with preexisting hypertension than in women who are normotensive prior to pregnancy. From a public health perspective, it is alarming that the rate of preeclampsia has increased by nearly one-third over the past decade, likely due to a rise in the number of older mothers and multiple births, scenarios that predispose to preeclampsia. Older maternal age during pregnancy also contributes to an increased frequency of chronic hypertension and thus preeclampsia complicating pregnancy. 2

Risks factors for Preeclampsia: medical news summaries: The following medical news items are relevant to risk factors for Preeclampsia:



Footnotes:
1. excerpt from High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy: NHLBI
2. excerpt from REPORT of the WORKING GROUP on RESEARCH on HYPERTENSION DURING PREGNANCY: NHLBI

Last revision: June 12, 2003

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