Misdiagnosis of Underlying Causes of Raynaud's phenomenon

About underlying conditions: With a diagnosis of Raynaud's phenomenon, it is important to consider whether there is an underlying condition causing Raynaud's phenomenon. These are other medical conditions that may possibly cause Raynaud's phenomenon. For general information on this form of misdiagnosis, see Underlying Condition Misdiagnosis or Overview of Misdiagnosis

Underlying conditions list: The list of possible underlying conditions mentioned in various sources for Raynaud's phenomenon includes:

Raynaud's phenomenon as a complication: Other conditions that might have Raynaud's phenomenon as a complication might be potential underlying conditions. The list of conditions listing Raynaud's phenomenon as a complication includes:

Raynaud's phenomenon as a symptom: Conditions listing Raynaud's phenomenon as a symptom may also be potential underlying conditions:

Underlying conditions discussion: Other medical conditions that may cause secondary Raynaud's phenomenon include:

  • Scleroderma--a thickening and hardening of the skin and other body tissues.

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus--a chronic inflammation of the skin and organ systems.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis--a chronic inflammation and swelling of tissue in the joints.

  • Blood flow reduction--problems that slow or stop blood flow in a vessel. These include inflammation and hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis).

  • Nerve problems--problems that affect the nerves supplying the muscles.

  • Pulmonary hypertension--a condition in which the blood pressure rises in the blood vessels of the lungs.
Injuries may also cause Raynaud's phenomenon. They can result from frostbite, surgery, or other causes. For example, regular use of machinery such as chain saws and vibrating drills can hurt blood vessels. Other activities that may aggravate the phenomenon are regular typing and piano playing.1

1. excerpt from NHLBI, Raynaud's Phenomenon: NHLBI

Last revision: June 12, 2003

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