Statistics about Suicide


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About statistics: This page presents a variety of statistics about Suicide. The term 'prevalence' of Suicide usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Suicide at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Suicide refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Suicide diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

  Statistics for Suicide: The following are statistics from various sources about Suicide:
  • Canadian suicide statistics on causes of self-inflicted injury leading to deaths:
    • 12.3 per 100,000 with 3,681 cases of "self-inflicted" deaths in Canada 19971
    • 0.07 per 100,000 with 20 cases of "self-inflicted" motor vehicle deaths in Canada 19971
    • 2.7 per 100,000 with 815 cases of "self-inflicted" firearm deaths in Canada 19971
    • 3.1 per 100,000 with 925 cases of "self-inflicted" poisoning deaths in Canada 19971
    • 0.9 per 100,000 with 268 cases of "self-inflicted" motor vehicle exhaust deaths in Canada 19971
    • 0.5 per 100,000 with 150 cases of "self-inflicted" carbon monoxide poisoning other than motor vehicle exhaust deaths in Canada 19971
    • 0.6 per 100,000 with 171 cases of "self-inflicted" fall deaths in Canada 19971
    • 4.7 per 100,000 with 1,409 cases of "self-inflicted" suffocation deaths in Canada 19971
    • 0.2 per 100,000 with 57 cases of "self-inflicted" suffocation by plastic bag deaths in Canada 19971
    • 4.4 per 100,000 with 1,329 cases of "self-inflicted" hanging in bed or cradle deaths in Canada 19971
    • 0.4 per 100,000 with 131 cases of "self-inflicted" drowning deaths in Canada 19971
    • 0.1 per 100,000 with 34 cases of "self-inflicted" fire or burn deaths in Canada 19971
    • 0.3 per 100,000 with 86 cases of "self-inflicted" cut or piercing deaths in Canada 19971

Prevalence and incidence statistics for Suicide: (see also prevalence and incidence page for Suicide)
  Incidence (annual) of Suicide: 29,199 annual cases of actual suicide in 1999 USA (NVHS Sep 2001)
  Incidence Rate: approx 1 in 9,315 or 0.01% or 29,200 people in USA [about data]
  Incidence of Suicide: The 1998 age-adjusted rate** was 10.4/100,000, or 0.01%2
Death and mortality statistics for Suicide:
  Deaths from Suicide: 29,199 annual cases in 1999 USA including 16,599 by firearm (NVHS Sep 2001)
  Suicide deaths related to Suicide: 29,199 annual cases in 1999 USA including 16,599 by firearm (NVHS Sep 2001); 12.3 per 100,000 with 3,681 cases of "self-inflicted" deaths in Canada 19971
  Death statistics for Suicide: The following are statistics from various sources about deaths and Suicide:
  • 12.3 per 100,000 with 3,681 cases of "self-inflicted" deaths in Canada 19971
  • 10.8 per 100,000 people died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • Caused 2,683 deaths in Australia in 1988 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002)
  • Caused 2,150 male deaths in Australia in 1988 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002)
  • 2.1% of all deaths in Australia in 1988 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002)
  • Increased by 105% in 15-19 year old African-American men in America from 1980-96 (National Centre for Injury Prevention and Control)
  • 30,622 deaths in America 2001 (CDC, 2004)
  • Ranked 8th leading cause of death for all men in America 2003 (National Centre for Injury Prevention and Control)
  • Men are 4 time more likely to die from suicide than women in America 2003 (CDC,2004)
  • Rates highest in white people in America 2003 (CDC,2004)
  • 24,672 deaths in America 2001 (CDC,2004)
  • Ranked 3rd leading cause of death among 15 to 24 year olds in America (National Centre for Injury Prevention and Control)
  • 3,971 deaths in 15-24 year olds in America 2001 (National Centre for Injury Prevention and Control)
  • Rate increased 233% in blacks aged 10-14 in America 1980-1995 (CBCF Health Organisation, 2004)
  • Rate increased 126% in whites aged 10-14 in America 1980-1995 (CBCF Health Organisation, 2004)
  • Rate increased 146% in blacks boys aged 15-19 in America 1980-1995 (CBCF Health Organisation, 2004)
  • Rate increased 22% in white boys aged 15-19 in America 1980-1995 (CBCF Health Organisation, 2004)
  • 18.2 per 100,000 males died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 4 per 100,000 females died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • Death statistics by racial and gender groups in the USA:
    • 5.7 per 100,000 Hispanic people died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
    • 10.1 per 100,000 Hispanic males died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
    • 1.6 per 100,000 Hispanic females died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
    • 11.3 per 100,000 non-Hispanic people died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
    • 19.2 per 100,000 non-Hispanic males died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
    • 4.3 per 100,000 non-Hispanic females died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
    • 12.5 per 100,000 non-Hispanic white people died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
    • 21.0 per 100,000 non-Hispanic white males died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
    • 4.9 per 100,000 non-Hispanic white females died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
    • 5.5 per 100,000 non-Hispanic black people died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
    • 9.9 per 100,000 non-Hispanic black males died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
    • 1.8 per 100,000 non-Hispanic black females died from suicide in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 10.5 per 100,000 American Indian or Alaska Native people died from suicide in USA 2001 (NCHS, 2003)
  • 10.7 per 100,000 people died from suicide in USA 2001 (NCHS, 2003)
  • 11.7 per 100,000 white people died from suicide in USA 2001 (NCHS, 2003)
  • 18.2 per 100,000 men died from suicide in USA 2001 (NCHS, 2003)
  • 4.0 per 100,000 women died from suicide in USA 2001 (NCHS 2003)
  • 5.4 per 100,000 Asian/Pacific Islander people died from suicide in USA 2001 (NCHS, 2003)
  • 5.5 per 100,000 black people died from suicide in USA 2001 (NCHS, 2003)
  • 5.7 per 100,000 Hispanic/Latino people died from suicide in USA 2001 (NCHS, 2003)
  • Suicide death statistics by age in the USA:
    • suicide caused 5.9% of deaths for age 10-14 years in USA 1999 [NVSR 2001]
    • suicide caused 11.7% of deaths for age 15-19 years in USA 1999 [NVSR 2001]
    • suicide caused 13.5% of deaths for age 20-24 years in USA 1999 [NVSR 2001]
    • suicide caused 12.4% of deaths for age 25-34 years in USA 1999 [NVSR 2001]
    • suicide caused 7.2% of deaths for age 35-44 years in USA 1999 [NVSR 2001]
    • suicide caused 3.3% of deaths for age 45-54 years in USA 1999 [NVSR 2001]
    • suicide caused 1.2% of deaths for age 55-64 years in USA 1999 [NVSR 2001]
  • 0.8% of all female deaths was due to suicide in Australia 2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 1,817 men died from suicide in Australia 2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 2.6% of all male deaths was due to suicide in Australia 2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 503 women died from suicide in Australia 2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Canadian suicide statistics:
    • 2,923 male deaths in Canada 1992 (Statistics Canada, Health Canada)
    • 786 female deaths in Canada 1992 (Statistics Canada, Health Canada)
    • 78.8% of deaths occur in men in Canada 1992 (Statistics Canada, Health Canada)
    • 21.2% of deaths occur in women Canada 1992 (Statistics Canada, Health Canada)
    • 3,709 deaths in Canada 1992 (Statistics Canada, Health Canada)
  • Suicide death statistics for various countries:
    • Estimated 6.6 deaths per 100,000 population in Argentina 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 1.2 deaths per 100,000 population in Bahamas 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 4.7 deaths per 100,000 population in Belize 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 4.9 deaths per 100,000 population in Brazil 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 12.9 deaths per 100,000 population in Canada 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 2.1 deaths per 100,000 population in Cayman Islands 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 6.6 deaths per 100,000 population in Chile 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 5.2 deaths per 100,000 population in Colombia 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 5.8 deaths per 100,000 population in Costa Rica 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 18.7 deaths per 100,000 population in Cuba 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 2.9 deaths per 100,000 population in Dominican Republic 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 6.4 deaths per 100,000 population in Ecuador 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 11.5 deaths per 100,000 population in El Salvador 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 1.1 deaths per 100,000 population in Grenada 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 11.1 deaths per 100,000 population in Guyana 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 0.5 deaths per 100,000 population in Haiti 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 3.7 deaths per 100,000 population in Mexico 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 11.5 deaths per 100,000 population in Nicaragua 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 5.9 deaths per 100,000 population in Panama 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 3.7 deaths per 100,000 population in Paraguay 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 2.3 deaths per 100,000 population in Peru 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 8.1 deaths per 100,000 population in Puerto Rico 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 5.9 deaths per 100,000 population in Saint Vincent and the Greenadines 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 14.0 deaths per 100,000 population in Trinidad and Tobago 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 6.4 deaths per 100,000 population in Turks and Caicos Islands 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 11.1 deaths per 100,000 population in the US 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 13.1 deaths per 100,000 population in Uruguay 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 4.8 deaths per 100,000 population in Venezuela 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 2.6 deaths per 100,000 population in Virgin Islands - UK 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • Estimated 4.7 deaths per 100,000 population in Virgin Islands - US 1997 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
  • 0.0 per 100,000 people died from a suicidal transport injury in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 17.5 per 100,000 people died from transport injury in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 16.4 per 100,000 people died from unintentional transport injury in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 1.1 per 100,000 people died from homicidal transport injury in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 11 per 100,000 males died from suicide using firearms in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 1.4 per 100,000 females died from suicide using firearms in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 1.8 per 100,000 people died from suicidal poisoning in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 2.2 per 100,000 people died from suicidal suffocation in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 0.2 per 100,000 people died from homicidal suffocation in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 5.9 per 100,000 people died from suicidal firearm injury in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 0.1 per 100,000 people died from suicidal fire/flame injury in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 0.1 per 100,000 people died from suicidal fire or hot object/substance injury in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 0.2 per 100,000 people died from a suicidal fall injury in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 0.1 per 100,000 people died from suicidal drowning in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)
  • 0.2 per 100,000 people died from suicidal cutting or piercing injury in the US 2001 (National Vital Statistics Report, CDC, 2003)

  Deaths from Suicide: The total number of suicide deaths was 30,575 2
  Average life years lost for Suicide: 33.8 years (SEER)3; 36.6 in North Carolina4; 29.2 average YPLL/person for suicide in Michigan5.
Society statistics for Suicide
  Hospitalizations for Suicide: 132,253 cases in America 2002 (CDC, 2004) '

Footnotes:
1. Canadian Injury Data, Statistics Canada, 1996-1997
2. excerpt from Suicide Facts: NIMH
3. SEER Cancer Statistics Review 1975-2000, National Cancer Institute (NCI)
4. Years of Potential Life Lost in North Carolina, NCMJ March/April 2002, Volume 63, Number 2
5. Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, MDCH, Michigan, USA

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