Basic Summary for Tuberculosis


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Main name of condition: Tuberculosis
Other names or spellings: Consumption, TB, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Phthisis


What is Tuberculosis?
  Brief description of Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  Parent types of Tuberculosis: Bacterial diseases, Kidney conditions, Respiratory conditions, Lung conditions, Spinal conditions, Nosocomial infections, Mycobacterial infections, Diseases contagious from droplets, Diseases contagious from food, Diseases contagious from intravenous needles
  Organs Affected by Tuberculosis: lung, respiratory, kidney, spine
  Types of Tuberculosis: Active TB, Latent TB infections, Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), Miliary tuberculosis
How many people get Tuberculosis?
  Incidence (annual) of Tuberculosis: 18,361 cases annually in the USA (1998); 8 million people worldwide develop active TB and 3 million die; 17,531 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999); 5.50 per 100,000 in Canada 20001
  Incidence Rate of Tuberculosis: approx 1 in 14,814 or 0.01% or 18,360 people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Tuberculosis: between 10 and 15 million people in the United States.2 ... In 1998, a total of 18,371 active TB cases, in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).3
Who gets Tuberculosis?
  Race Profile for Tuberculosis: Minorities are affected disproportionately by TB: 54 percent of active TB cases in 1995 were among African-American and Hispanic people, with an additional 17.5 percent found in Asians. In some sectors of U.S. society, TB rates now surpass those in the world's poorest countries. Among African-American men in New York City aged 35 to 44, for example, 315 out of 100,000 had active TB in 1993, many times the national average of 9.8 cases per 100,000 people. 3
How serious is Tuberculosis?
  Deaths for Tuberculosis: 930 reported deaths in USA 1999 (NVSR Sep 2001)
  Complications of Tuberculosis: see complications of Tuberculosis
What causes Tuberculosis?
  Cause of Tuberculosis: Various mycobacterium classes such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis.
  Class of Condition for Tuberculosis: bacterial
  Causes of Tuberculosis: see causes of Tuberculosis
  Risk factors for Tuberculosis: see risk factors for Tuberculosis
What are the symptoms of Tuberculosis?
  Symptoms of Tuberculosis: see symptoms of Tuberculosis
Can anyone else get Tuberculosis?
  Contagion of Tuberculosis: Airborne droplet transmission; not clothing or bedding; not handshakes, toilet seats, food utensils or other contact; rarely from contaminated beef or milk (bovine tuberculosis).
  More information: see contagiousness of Tuberculosis
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Tuberculosis: see treatments for Tuberculosis
  Prevention of Tuberculosis: see prevention of Tuberculosis
Society issues for Tuberculosis

Cost statistics for Tuberculosis: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Tuberculosis:

  • Tuberculosis costs for various countries:
    • Estimated US$78 per patient treated in India 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$243 per patient treated in China 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$166 per patient treated in Indonesia 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$131 per patient treated in Nigeria 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$121 per patient treated in Bangladesh 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$91 per patient treated in Ethiopia 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$114 per patient treated in Philippines2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$119 per patient treated in Pakistan 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$1,365 per patient treated in South Africa 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$788-1051 per patient treated in the Russian Federation 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$115 per patient treated in Congo 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$235 per patient treated in Kenya 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$202 per patient treated in Vietnam2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$101 per patient treated in Tanzania 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$699 per patient treated in Brazil 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$401 per patient treated in Thailand 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$166 per patient treated in Uganda 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$66 per patient treated in Myanmar 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$327 per patient treated in Cambodia 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$324 per patient treated in Zimbabwe 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$67 per patient treated in Afghanistan 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$66-1,365 per patient treated in 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$46 annually in India 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$97 annually in China 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$35 annually in Indonesia 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$7 annually in Nigeria 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$5 annually in Bangladesh 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$5 annually in Ethiopia 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$22 annually in Philippines2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$7 annually in Pakistan 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$1550-200 per patient treated in the Russian Federation 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$8 annually in Congo 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$5 annually in Kenya 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$7 annually in Vietnam2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$5 annually in Tanzania 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$15 annually in Brazil 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$10 annually in Thailand 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$3 annually in Uganda 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$2 annually in Myanmar 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$5 annually in Cambodia 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated US$2 annually in Afghanistan 2002-2005 (WHO Report, 2002)

  Hospitalizations for Tuberculosis: 7,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Hospitalization statistics for Tuberculosis: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Tuberculosis:
  • 0.04% (5,666) of hospital episodes were for tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.12% (63,347) of hospital bed days were for tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 18.1 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 57% of hospital episodes for tuberculosis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 43% of hospital episodes for tuberculosis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.009% (1,155) of hospital consultant episodes were for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 67% of hospital consultant episodes for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 63% of hospital consultant episodes for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 37% of hospital consultant episodes for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 66% of hospital consultant episodes for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 9.0 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 12 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 44 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 68% of hospital consultant episodes for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 12% of hospital consultant episodes for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 9% of hospital consultant episodes for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.025% (13,280) of hospital bed days were for confirmed respiratory tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.021% (2,624) of hospital consultant episodes were for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 69% of hospital consultant episodes for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 58% of hospital consultant episodes for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis were for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 42% of hospital consultant episodes for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis were for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 75% of hospital consultant episodes for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 15.6 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 43 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 68% of hospital consultant episodes for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 12% of hospital consultant episodes for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 6% of hospital consultant episodes for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.05% (26,180) of hospital bed days were for unconfirmed respiratory tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.003% (363) of hospital consultant episodes were for tuberculosis of nervous system in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 66% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of nervous system required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 56% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of nervous system were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 44% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of nervous system were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 63% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of nervous system required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 34.7 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for tuberculosis of nervous system in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 18 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for tuberculosis of nervous system in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 37 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for tuberculosis of nervous system in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 72% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of nervous system occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of nervous system occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of nervous system were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.013% (6,822) of hospital bed days were for tuberculosis of nervous system in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.01% (1,268) of hospital consultant episodes were for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 77% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 51% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 49% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 51% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 16.8 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 9 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 41 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 71% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 11% of hospital consultant episodes for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.026% (13,798) of hospital bed days were for tuberculosis of organs other than nervous and respiratory system in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.002% (256) of hospital consultant episodes were for miliary tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 57% of hospital consultant episodes for miliary tuberculosis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 58% of hospital consultant episodes for miliary tuberculosis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 42% of hospital consultant episodes for miliary tuberculosis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 74% of hospital consultant episodes for miliary tuberculosis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 23.9days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for miliary tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 15 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for miliary tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 41 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for miliary tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 74% of hospital consultant episodes for miliary tuberculosis occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7% of hospital consultant episodes for miliary tuberculosis occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3% of hospital consultant episodes for miliary tuberculosis were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.006% (3,302) of hospital bed days were for miliary tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% (5) of hospital consultant episodes were for sequelae of tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for sequelae of tuberculosis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 40% of hospital consultant episodes for sequelae of tuberculosis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 60% of hospital consultant episodes for sequelae of tuberculosis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 40% of hospital consultant episodes for sequelae of tuberculosis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1.5 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for sequelae of tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for sequelae of tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 49 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for sequelae of tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 60% of hospital consultant episodes for sequelae of tuberculosis occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 20% of hospital consultant episodes for sequelae of tuberculosis occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 60% of hospital consultant episodes for sequelae of tuberculosis were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% (3) of hospital bed days were for sequelae of tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • Hospitalization statistics in Australia:
    • 0.02% (913) of hospital episodes were for tuberculosis in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 21% of hospitalisations for tuberculosis were single day episodes in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 83% of hospitalisations in public hospitals for tuberculosis were by public patients in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 17% of hospitalisations in public hospitals for tuberculosis were by private patients in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Hospitalisations for tuberculosis at public hospitals occurred in 0.5 people per 10,000 population in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 12.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for tuberculosis in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Excluding same day episodes, 15.2 days was the mean length of stay in public hospitals for tuberculosis in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.004% (90) of private hospital episodes were for tuberculosis in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 35.6% of hospitalisations in private hospitals for tuberculosis were single day episodes in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 3.3% of hospitalisations in private hospitals for tuberculosis were by public patients in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 97% of hospitalisations in private hospitals for tuberculosis were by private patients in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Hospitalisations in private hospitals for tuberculosis occurred in 0.05 people per 10,000 population in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 9.2days was the mean length of stay in private hospitals for tuberculosis in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Excluding same day episodes, 13.8 days was the mean length of stay in private hospitals for tuberculosis in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)

  Physician office visits for Tuberculosis: 148,000 (NHLBI 1999)

Footnotes:
1. Notifiable Diseases Online, PPHB, Canada, 2000
2. excerpt from Microbes in Sickness and in Health - Publications, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: NIAID
3. excerpt from Tuberculosis, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID

Last revision: June 23, 2003

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