Prevalence and Incidence of Tuberculosis


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About prevalence and incidence statistics: The term 'prevalence' of Tuberculosis usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Tuberculosis at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Tuberculosis refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Tuberculosis diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

Incidence (annual) of Tuberculosis: 18,361 cases annually in the USA (1998); 8 million people worldwide develop active TB and 3 million die; 17,531 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999); 5.50 per 100,000 in Canada 20001
Incidence Rate: approx 1 in 14,814 or 0.01% or 18,360 people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Tuberculosis: between 10 and 15 million people in the United States.2 ... In 1998, a total of 18,371 active TB cases, in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).3
Worldwide prevalence of Tuberculosis:According to the World Health Organization (WHO), nearly 2 billion people, one-third of the world's population, have TB.2

Prevelance statistics about Tuberculosis: The following statistics relate to the prevalence of Tuberculosis:

  • 42 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for tuberculosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 69% of hospitalisations for tuberculosis was for 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10% of hospitalisations for tuberculosis was for over 75 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)

Incidence statistics about Tuberculosis: The following statistics relate to the incidence of Tuberculosis:

  • 16,337 new cases of tuberculosis occurred annually in the US 2000 (Health, United States: 2002, NCHS, CDC)
  • 21,327 cases in the USA 1996 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 22,860 cases in the USA 1995 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 25,287 cases in the USA 1994 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 25,313 cases in the USA 1993 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 26,673 cases in the USA 1992 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 25,701 cases in the USA 1991 (New Jersey Department of Health, 2004)
  • 15,075 cases in the USA 2002 (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)
  • 15,989 cases in the USA 2001 (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)
  • 16,377 cases in the USA 2001 (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)
  • 17,531 cases in the USA 1999 (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)
  • 18,361 cases in the USA 1998 (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)
  • 5.0 new cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 population was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 975 new cases of tuberculosis was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Tuberculosis incidence rates for various countries:
    • Estimated 1,856,000 new cases in India 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 1,365,000 new cases in China 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 595,000 new cases in Indonesia 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 347,000 new cases in Nigeria 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 332,000 new cases in Bangladesh 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 249,000 new cases in Ethiopia 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 249,000 new cases in Philippines 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 247,000 new cases in Pakistan 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 228,000 new cases in South Africa 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 193,000 new cases in Russian Federation 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 163,000 new cases in DR Congo 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 149,000 new cases in Kenya 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 148,000 new cases in Vietnam 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 126,000 new cases in Tanzania 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 116,000 new cases in Brazil 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 88,000 new cases in Thailand 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 82,000 new cases in Uganda 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 80,000 new cases in Myanmar 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 79,000 new cases in Mozambique 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 75,000 new cases in Cambodia 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 74,000 new cases in Zimbabwe 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 70,000 new cases in Afghanistan 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 184 new cases per 100,000 population in India 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 107 new cases per 100,000 population in China 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 280 new cases per 100,000 population in Indonesia 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 305 new cases per 100,000 population in Nigeria 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 242 new cases per 100,000 population in Bangladesh 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 397 new cases per 100,000 population in Ethiopia 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 330 new cases per 100,000 population in Philippines 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 175 new cases per 100,000 population in Pakistan 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 526 new cases per 100,000 population in South Africa 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 132 new cases per 100,000 population in Russian Federation 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 320 new cases per 100,000 population in DR Congo 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 484 new cases per 100,000 population in Kenya 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 189 new cases per 100,000 population in Vietnam 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 359 new cases per 100,000 population in Tanzania 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 68 new cases per 100,000 population in Brazil 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 140 new cases per 100,000 population in Thailand 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 351 new cases per 100,000 population in Uganda 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 168 new cases per 100,000 population in Myanmar 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 433 new cases per 100,000 population in Mozambique 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 572 new cases per 100,000 population in Cambodia 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 584 new cases per 100,000 population in Zimbabwe 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • Estimated 321 new cases per 100,000 population in Afghanistan 2000 (WHO Report, 2002)
    • 1.5 cases per 100,000 population in Antigua and Barbuda 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 30.5 cases per 100,000 population in Argentina 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 2.2 cases per 100,000 population in Barbados 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 55.5 cases per 100,000 population in Belize 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 124.2 cases per 100,000 population in Bolivia 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 42.8 cases per 100,000 population in Brazil 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 5.5 cases per 100,000 population in Canada 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 2.5 cases per 100,000 population in Cayman Islands 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 19.5 cases per 100,000 population in Chile 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 26.8 cases per 100,000 population in Colombia 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 15.7 cases per 100,000 population in Costa Rica 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 8.3 cases per 100,000 population in Cuba 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 56.2 cases per 100,000 population in Dominican Republic 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 47.7 cases per 100,000 population in Ecuador 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 23.1 cases per 100,000 population in El Salvador 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 38.2 cases per 100,000 population in French Guiana 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 4.7 cases per 100,000 population in Guadeloupe 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 20.6 cases per 100,000 population in Guatemala 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 55.4 cases per 100,000 population in Guyana 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 126.1 cases per 100,000 population in Haiti 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 67 cases per 100,000 population in Honduras 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 4.6 cases per 100,000 population in Jamaica 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 18.8 cases per 100,000 population in Mexico 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 2.3 cases per 100,000 population in Netherlands Antilles 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 47 cases per 100,000 population in Nicaragua 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 56.9 cases per 100,000 population in Panama 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 37 cases per 100,000 population in Paraguay 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 141.1 cases per 100,000 population in Peru 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 3.2 cases per 100,000 population in Puerto Rico 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 5.1 cases per 100,000 population in Saint Kitts and Nevis 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 10.2 cases per 100,000 population in Saint Lucia 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 8.5 cases per 100,000 population in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 18.4 cases per 100,000 population in Suriname 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 15.9 cases per 100,000 population in Trinidad and Tobago 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 15.8 cases per 100,000 population in Turks and Caicos Islands 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 20.5 cases per 100,000 population in Uruguay 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 25.3 cases per 100,000 population in Venezuela 2001 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 27.1 cases per 100,000 population in Bahamas 2000 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 6 cases per 100,000 population in Martinique 2000 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 6.8 cases per 100,000 population in Dominica 1998 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 2.2 cases per 100,000 population in Grenada 1998 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)


Footnotes:
1. Notifiable Diseases Online, PPHB, Canada, 2000
2. excerpt from Microbes in Sickness and in Health - Publications, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: NIAID
3. excerpt from Tuberculosis, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID

Last revision: June 23, 2003

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